Fall Prevention Guide

Fall Facts

Falls are the most common cause of hospitalizations and injuries for older adults over 65. 90% of the 300,000 hip fractures and 250,000 wrist fractures per year are the result of falls. 65% of adults over 60 confess to a fear of falling and if they have fallen before, 92% of those adults fear they will fall again. Fear of falling again, or Post Fall Anxiety Syndrome, is a serious problem among older adults. It is a loss of confidence in the ability to walk safely. As many as 56% of people over 75 will restrict their activities due to fear of falling. These self-imposed limitations can lead to further functional decline, depression, feeling of helplessness and social isolation.

Most Common Risks for Falls

  • Uneven terrain
  • Dizziness (vertigo)
  • Fainting
  • Environmental hazards, e.g.,
    • loose throw rugs, uneven sidewalks or high curbs, etc.
  • Medications
    • People taking 4 or more medications, especially sedatives, anti-anxiety medications, and anti-depressants, are higher risk for falls (NOTE: Continue to take all medications as directed by your physician.)
  • Muscle weakness
    • Lack of flexibility for quick responses, or an inability to correct for an unexpected loss of balance
  • Poor foot care
  • Poorly fitting shoes or improper footwear
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Improper use of walking aids
    • Such as, walkers or canes
  • Poor vision or poor lighting
    • May cause a collision with something in the dark
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Alzheimer’s Disease Stroke

Downloadable Fall Prevention Guide

Downloadable Version

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